Comparative Assessment the Nutritional Status among School Going Children of Employed and Unemployed Mothers: A Study in Selected Schools of Nepalgunj, Banke, Nepal


  • Vimla Sharma


Nutrition, School-age children, Employed mothers, Unemployed mothers, Underweight, BMI, Public schools, Private schools


The science of nutrition focuses primarily on how nutrients contribute to human growth, development, and maintenance. Nutrition is the study of the relationship between diet and health. The goal of healthy nutrition is to keep people in a nutritional state that promotes growth and optimum health. The six to twelve year old school going is a vital time for children's physical and intellectual development. The socioeconomic standing of families, community social well-being, community access to quality healthcare, and environmental influence are all significant determinants of children's health. Malnutrition can be prevented using a variety of strategies if it is seen as a problem in human ecology. This study's goal was to assess the nutritional status of school going children in Nepalgunj, Banke, whose mothers were employed or unemployed and attended selected schools. The study used a descriptive comparative research approach, and 120 students from Nepalgunj, Banke were chosen using stratified random selection. A systematic questionnaire that was self-developed was used to gather the data. The study's findings indicated that children with underweight (51.6%) were more common among children of employed moms than of jobless mothers (20%). However, children of unemployed moms (43.3%) had a higher prevalence of normal weight children than did children of employed mothers (25%). The body mass index (BMI) of the children was found to be correlated with the type of school and maternal job level, with P-values of <0.001 and <0.02 respectively. Children's nutritional status is a critical component of their growth and development. According to this study, children of employed moms were less likely to be underweight, whereas those of jobless mothers were typically sized. Children's BMI was correlated with the work position of the mother and various school kinds, including public and private schools. When developing treatments to improve children's nutritional status, these elements should be taken into account.


Abdel Wahed, W. Y., Hassan, S. K., & Eldessouki, R. (2017). Malnutrition and Its Associated Factors among Rural School Children in Fayoum Governorate, Egypt. Journal of Environmental and Public Health, 2017.

Aryal, M. (2016). Malnutrition in Nepal- an overview. Retrieved from

Asif, M. (2021). Contingent Effect of Conflict Management towards Psychological Capital and Employees’ Engagement in Financial Sector of Islamabad [PhD Dissertation, Preston University, Kohat, Islamabad Campus.]. Islamabad.

Asif, M., Khan, A., & Pasha, M. A. (2019). Psychological Capital of Employees’ Engagement: Moderating Impact of Conflict Management in the Financial Sector of Pakistan. Global Social Sciences Review, IV(III), 160-172.

Asser, A. J., & Mohammed, H. J. (2020). Nutritional status of primary school children. Journal of Institute of Medicine Nepal, 20(1).

Best, C., Neufingerl, N., van Geel, L., van den Briel, T., & Osendarp, S. (2010). The Nutritional Status of School-Aged Children: Why Should We Care? Food and Nutrition Bulletin, 31(3), 400–417.

Boma, G. O., Anthony, I. P., George, M. D., Abaiola, E., Andrew, F., Daniel, M. D., Tarilanyo, T. R., & Mefubara, K. (2014). Nutritional Status of Children in Rural setting. IOSR Journal of Dental and Medical Sciences, 13(1), 41–47.

Burgess, A. (2016). Undernutrition in Adults and Children: causes, consequences and what we can do. 18–22.

C, J. M., Vipul, M., Joshi, H. S., & Professor, A. (2011). Determinants of Nutritional Status of School Children Determinants of Nutritional Status of School Children -A Cross Sectional Study in the Western Region of Nepal. Njirm, 2(1), 2230–9969.

Degarege, D., Degarege, A., & Animut, A. (2015). Undernutrition and associated risk factors among school age children in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. BMC Public Health, 15(1), 375.

El-Sabely, A. A., Tork, H. M., & Hussien, Y. E. (2013). Comparative study of nutritional status and dietary habits of children from public and private primary schools in Zagazig City, Egypt. IOSR J Nurs Heal Sci3(1), 47-52.

Eze, J. N., Oguonu, T., Ojinnaka, N. C., & Ibe, B. C. (2017). Physical growth and nutritional status assessment of school children in Enugu, Nigeria. Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice, 20(1), 64–70.

Galgamuwa, L. S., Iddawela, D., Dharmaratne, S. D., & Galgamuwa, G. L. S. (2017). Nutritional status and correlated socio-economic factors among preschool and school children in plantation communities, Sri Lanka. BMC Public Health, 17(1), 377.

Joshi, P. (2012). Malnutrition in Children: A Serious Public Health Issue in Nepal. Health Prospect, 11, 61–62.

Karak, P., Maiti, R., Das, P., & Karmakar, A. (2018). Assessment of nutritional status of School Children in rural and urban areas of Bankura, West bengal. The Indian Journal of Pediatrics, 16(3), 113–152.

M, W., B, A., ZB, B., & F, G. (2017). Comparative Study on Nutritional Status of under Five Children with Employment Status of Mothers in Adama Town, Central Ethiopia. Maternal and Pediatric Nutrition, 03(01), 1–8.

Maskey, M., Sharma Annavarapu, L., & Karmacharya, P. (2020). Nutritional assessment of school children and adolescents: Pokhara city in Western Nepal. Journal of Patan Academy of Health Sciences, 7(2), 53–63.

Ministry of Health and Population (MOHP). (2016). Nepal Demographic and Health Survey.

Mwaniki, E. W., & Makokha, A. N. (2013). Nutrition status and associated factors among children in public primary schools in Dagoretti, Nairobi, Kenya. African health sciences13(1), 38-46.

Park, K. (2015). A text book of preventive and social medicine. Janot.

Pramod Singh, G. C., Nair, M., Grubesic, R. B., & Connell, F. A. (2009). Factors Associated With Underweight and Stunting Among Children in Rural Terai of Eastern Nepal. Asia Pacific Journal of Public Health, 21(2), 144–152.

Sathiadas, G., Annieston, A., Arunath, V., Kasthuri, T., & Wickramasinghe, V. P. (2020). Nutritional status of school children living in Northern part of Sri Lanka. 4–11.

Shrestha, A., Bhusal, C. K., Shrestha, B., & Bhattarai, K. D. (2020). Nutritional Status of Children and Its Associated Factors in Selected Earthquake-Affected VDCs of Gorkha District, Nepal. International Journal of Pediatrics, 2020, 1–10.

Shahid, N., Asif, M., & Pasha, D. A. (2022). Effect of Internet Addiction on School Going Children. Inverge Journal of Social Sciences, 1(1), 13–55.

Tim, R., Risk, D., Isbn, C., Pdf, T., Press, N. A., Press, N. A., Academy, N., Academy, N., & Press, N. A. (1990). Diet and health: implications for reducing chronic disease risk. In Choice Reviews Online, 27(06).

Todhunter, E. N. (1970). School feeding from a nutritionist's point of view. American Journal of Public Health and the Nations Health60(12), 2302-2306.

Udash, P. (2017). Nutritional status of 5 to 10 years children of namje , vedetar vdc of dhankuta district by pranaya udash Department of Nutrition and Dietetics nutritional status of 5 to 10 years children of namje , vedetar vdc of dhankuta district Department of Nutritio.

Umeokonkwo, A. A., Ibekwe, M. U., Umeokonkwo, C. D., Okike, C. O., Ezeanosike, O. B., & Ibe, B. C. (2020). Nutritional status of school age children in Abakaliki metropolis, Ebonyi State, Nigeria. BMC Pediatrics, 20(1), 114.

UNICEF and World Bank. (2014). Small Area Estimation of Food Insecurity and Undernourishment in Neal.

WFP. (2018). Eswatini | World Food Programme.

WHO. (2020). Micronutrients.



How to Cite

Sharma, V. (2023). Comparative Assessment the Nutritional Status among School Going Children of Employed and Unemployed Mothers: A Study in Selected Schools of Nepalgunj, Banke, Nepal. Inverge Journal of Social Sciences, 2(2), 92–114. Retrieved from

Similar Articles

1 2 3 4 5 > >> 

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.