Strategic Counter Measures to Terrorism and Extremism in Pakistan and Insights from Home Land Security

A Need for the Enactment of Pakistan's National Counter Terrorism Department


  • Taimur Khattak National Counter Terrorism Authority (NACTA)
  • Dr. Rana Jamshad Asghar National Counter Terrorism Authority (NACTA)


National Counter Terrorism Authority Act, 2013, National Counter Terrorism Department, Law Enforcement Agencies, Federal Investigation Agency, Counter Terrorism Department, Military, Department of Homeland Security


This research scrutinizes the challenges faced by Pakistan's law enforcement agencies in effectively countering the escalating threats of terrorism and extremism. It identifies both the manifestations and root causes of these challenges, underscoring the imperative need for a refined legislative framework. This article proposes the enactment of a "National Counter Terrorism Department Act" designed to enhance the nation's control mechanisms, curtail the surge of extremist tendencies, and uphold the rule of law. Drawing from a comparative analysis of various enforcement strategies in Pakistan, this paper suggests that the existing "National Counter Terrorism Authority Act, 2013" requires legislative intervention. While it lays down comprehensive guidelines, its operational efficiency is marred by the absence of a singular unified department, inadequate service structures, and constrained powers. By assimilating insights from the Department of Homeland Security with its mandate vis-à-vis model organizational websites, books, journals, acts of various law enforcement agencies, scholarly articles and newspaper articles, the paper underlines the ineffectiveness of the National Counter Terrorism Authority Act, 2013, in its current form. It has been recommended that the envisioned "National Counter Terrorism Department Act" would not only bolster Pakistan's counterterrorism capabilities, but it will also ensure a standardized, cohesive approach nationwide.


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Author Biographies

Taimur Khattak, National Counter Terrorism Authority (NACTA)

Mr. Taimur Khattak, an officer from the Prosecution Services of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, has extensive experience in prosecuting cases in both Ordinary and Anti-Terrorism Courts. Mr. Khattak has also served as Deputy Secretary (Judicial) at the Civil Secretariat in Peshawar and is currently the Director of Coordination at the National Counter Terrorism Authority. He can be reached at

Dr. Rana Jamshad Asghar, National Counter Terrorism Authority (NACTA)

Dr. Rana Jimshaid Asghar is presently holding the position of Deputy Director (Coordination) at National Counter Terrorism Authority (NACTA). Earlier he worked as Assistant Director (Research), at PIPS Islamabad since May 2013. As part of NACTA team he is handling the Parliamentary business, Legal business, Liaison with International Entities and representing NACTA at multiple parliamentary platforms. He has more than 18 years of working experience in Government as well as private sector on multiple Administrative, Research and Teaching posts (adjunct faculty).
He has done MS in Management Sciences from IQRA UNIVERSITY Islamabad Campus and Ph.D (HRM) from Air University, Islamabad. Apart from that he has completed many MOOCs (massive open online courses) on academic writing, HRM and leadership. He received training on “International Best Practices of Parliamentary Research by Mr. Bob Clement, Director Research, UK House of Commons. He also writes Opinion editorials on topics of academia and research in Dawn and Express Tribune from time to time. He has number of Research publications in International and National journals in the field of HR practices,
OCB, Organizational commitment, Job satisfaction, Teachers training needs and training transfer.



How to Cite

Khattak, T., & Asghar, D. R. J. (2024). Strategic Counter Measures to Terrorism and Extremism in Pakistan and Insights from Home Land Security: A Need for the Enactment of Pakistan’s National Counter Terrorism Department. Inverge Journal of Social Sciences, 3(1), 61–74. Retrieved from

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